In WebSphere Message Broker v8 and IBM Integration Bus v9, you can use transforms, cast (xs:<type>) functions, and use XPath 2.0 functions to perform different actions on input data and move the result to the output element. You can also use a Cast function to cast schema types. You choose the appropriate mapping operation depending on the result that you want to achieve.
You can use any of the following transforms to map graphically your data in the Graphical Data Mapping editor
- Core mapping transforms: You can use built-in structural and functional mapping operations, which enable you to graphically construct the required message transformations to build the output message.
- Custom transforms: You can use custom transformations to build your own XPath 2.0, Java™, or ESQL functions, which can be invoked to perform specialized transformations within the message map.
- XPath functions (fn:<functionName>): You can use XPath 1.0 and XPath 2.0 functions to transform data in a message map.
- Database transforms:
Transforms that support conditional control can use XPath 2.0 expressions, or invoke Java or ESQL functions.
Note: XPath 1.0 functions are valid XPath 2.0 expressions. You can use the XPath Expression Builder to generate simple XPath 1.0 expressions.
Cast function to define a schema type
In the Graphical Data Mapping editor, you can use the Cast function to cast schema types.
You must cast a schema in any of the following instances:
- Cast the value that you assign to an output element so it matches the output element schema definition type.
- Cast the value of an element that you use as a parameter to a function where the parameter is of a different type.
- Cast the value of an element that you use as a condition on a transform where the type is different.
- Cast the value of an element when you work with a database, and the types differ.
You use the xs:<type> functions where <type> is the name of the type for the result. These functions are also know as XML constructor functions.
Look for future entries using casts with xsd:extension and xsd:restriction.