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Happy World Quantum Day

  • 1.  Happy World Quantum Day

    Posted Thu April 14, 2022 02:09 PM
    Good and happy day to everyone,



    Every April 14 it's a special day for science since this date is assigned as World Quantum Day, a nice initiative to encourage and promote the public understanding of the quantum field and this disruptive technology. Alluding to celebrating one of the most intriguing things in human knowledge, there are two wonderful quotes that I want to share.
    'If quantum mechanics hasn't profoundly shocked you, you haven't understood it yet.' - Niels Bohr
    'If you think you understand quantum mechanics, you don't understand quantum mechanics.' - Richard P. Feynman

    I consider these quotes are very wise in my opinion, because you can't find any explanation of what are happen inside these states until measured, we cannot know where was the particle or what was the path before the collapse, uncertainty principle case. For me, I find this very interesting and I feel myself as beginner to understand mostly that topic, nevertheless, that's my motivation, being curious, exploring and sharing thoughts that can clear my doubts, asking questions, and discussing with others to have great conversations towards this area. Then, is great to know that more than 65 countries, support this initiative to contribute the awareness of this field.

    IBM did an event called The IBM Quantum 2022 Virtual Open House which highlighted that quantum computing is to stay, having a lot of potential to solve problems that in classical way can be very difficult to process even with supercomputers, the moderators in this event showed many aspects that I feel is important to know or take in consideration, I share here a set of images for educational purpose with IBM Quantum/ 2021 IBM corporation copyright.

    Here we can appreciate the evolutions and improvements over the years, identifying that the world is preparing the steps to take the quantum computing advantage, focusing on education and technical skill build, to promote and engage technical teams in learning experiences.

    Another key aspect of the event was the definition of Quantum-Readiness, which is a continuously evolving state that depends on your general approach, innovation, as well as new talent and skills, and overall digital maturity, the Q-Readiness includes the adoption of enabling technologies such as automation, AI, and hybrid multi-cloud to analyze, experiment and iterate with evolving computing capabilities.

    The participation of enterprises and organizations shows us the high expectation and confidence volume that this field will be incredibly applicative and discover new things about how the problems can handle with this technology, then Developing the skills from now is a good step to go together this transformation that will have high impact in the computing world performance.



    Therefore, as we can see, the quantum field is a wonderful place to dive into curiosity, open mindset, and explorer spirit, with a great community and a great humanity step in the new technologies. Finally but not less important, to measure the progress they exist three metrics to recognize the quantum computing performance, which are:

    - Scalability: The numbers of qubits which indicates the amount of information we can encode in the quantum system.
    - Quality: The quantum volume which indicates quality of circuits and how faithfully circuits are implemented in hardware.
    - Speed: CLOPS (Circuit Layer Operation Per Second) which indicates how many circuits can run on hardware in a given time.

    Thanks for the attention, be comfortable to reply or comment what do you think about the quantum field, have you participated in any quantum event and how did you feel?



    Kind regards, and my best. 



    ------------------------------
    Luis Gerardo Ayala Bertel
    ------------------------------


  • 2.  RE: Happy World Quantum Day

    Posted Fri April 15, 2022 06:43 AM
    Good morning Luis Gerardo,

    I am very pleased to have read your extensive and detailed writing on this topic of great interest to science.
    Months ago I saw that there was an IBM initiative to learn basic circuitry.
    I think that by its power you can do incredible things like an  API that allows me to measure in real time the world economy and for each country, and to make predictions for investors anywhere in the world when making a decision.
    At the age of 17 I started programming on an IBM model 370/145 and this year, God willing, I will start programming on a Quantun.

    I hope you can guide me.

    Happy day to you


    Saludos,Regards 

    IBM Expert Labs, Data Consultant: Generalist 

    Db2 Advanced Database Administrator LUW 11.5.5.0 

    IBM Certified Database Associate - Db2 8.1,10.1 Fundamentals 

    IBM Associate Certified DBA - Db2 12 for z/OS Fundamentals 

    IBM i Applications Architect 

    _________________________________________
    Nicolás Rafael Ascanio Peña 

     

     

    IBM Professions and COGNITIVE CLASS (42) badges 

    https://www.credly.com/users/nicolas-ascanio

    Cell phone: +58 4241406472         
    Tie-Line: 777-8685         
    e-mail: nascanio@ve.ibm.com






  • 3.  RE: Happy World Quantum Day

    Posted Fri April 15, 2022 08:13 PM
    Hello esteemed @Nicolas Rafael Ascanio Pena,


    Very appreciated the reply and I'm so glad that you see with wonderful eyes this field, yes indeed, IBM has done and sponsored many educational events, I have the opportunity to participate as a learner in the Qubit by Qubit Introduction of Quantum Programming, was a really nice experience, I still in connections with many friends that I met. ​

    Really amazing that you want this year to start programming on a Quantum, your thoughts are in the right direction meaning the power we can do incredible things, and I would like to share some words about it since for me is an honor sharing and learning this great field.

    By reading on websites, watching videos, and ​linking ideas, I dedicated time to delivering with this words my perspective about why quantum.

    Let's take a look at this diagram that I did in Latex
    Here we have two paths, both starting from Cbits, the C have 2 Steps and Q have 4.
    Since the traditional computer processing we already know, let's check what Q-steps mean.
    Q-step1, having classical data is about map into the quantum state for preparation, this is called encoding or embedding. Then since is a map ƒ: Cbits --> Qbits, the domain of Cbits is the space of all the bits combinations and the Image Qbits is a Hilbert space (Vector space plus inner product). So every element in Cbits will be assigned to a quantum system, which is provided as a superconducting circuit to make coherent operations on quantum data.
    By default the initial state is |0>, a standard notation (Dirac notation) to writing or describing in quantum systems. This case as we are doing a mapping then would be
    Like this we will start from a certain position which is the classical value evaluated in a single-qubit rotation.

    After we know and understand what is the initial quantum state, we move trought quantum dynamics, this describe evolution of the state in time
    for Q-step2 having the intial state after the evolution we have a final state. The evolution show the transformation from the initial state
    the Q-step3 is to have a manyfold transformation if needed
    Finally, we step to the measurement, but before lets note that by adding CNOT gate, the qubit 1 wich has initial state zero, turns in superposition state, then since this change is made by the conditional of qubit 0, we have an entanglement state, meaning that if one is measured, the other qubit will be affected, collapsing, and the distance between them doesn't matter.
    here in measurement, is where we want to know the detection events, and there is a nice quote that say, quantum theory make measurement or prediction about the probabilities
    if we repeat this quantum examination many times with the same initial conditions, same dynamics and we measure it, then we will appear different detection events in the first and second detector, finding probabilities.
    giving a perception that quantum theory tells us predictions about probabilities but not the outcomes. This example tells us that doing the experiment 10000 times, the are 47.9% probability that outcome be 00 and 52.1% probability that outcome be 11.


    Therefore, meanwhile, classical bits maps directly to interpretation, the difference in quantum scenario is that we have probabilistic and in classical we have deterministic values. Thus the advantages that are possible to imagine, by quantum process the time may be shortened, in other words, can be faster or more efficient using the quantum process. Putting it in context unsorted database searching is a problem that a classical computation cannot be solved in fewer than O(N) evaluations, but in quantum is feasible to have quadratic speed up, then can be solved in O(sqrt(N)) evaluations, both cases are proven to be optimal, and this is a real example where can really compare the power of quantum and classical.

    This is just a snack regarding my opinion using many references and IBM Quantum experience. But the applications go as far as your imagination reaches. Any comment or feedback will be greatly appreciated.

    I hope this helps as a little guidance about the amazing world of quantum esteemed Nicolas.


    Regards from the distance.



    ------------------------------
    Luis Gerardo Ayala Bertel
    ------------------------------



  • 4.  RE: Happy World Quantum Day

    Posted Sun April 17, 2022 06:42 PM
    Luis Gerardo,

    Tthank you very much for taking the trouble to give so much detail to a neophyte in this Quantico field.
    I will try to be at an event like the one you are talking about and  start to have a study folder, a necessary element to learn anything one sets out to learn.

    It occurs to me that when I have digital book titles, I will post them to hear opinions, such as whether the book is elementary, intermediate or advanced. In this way, I can be honest about my progress and share with others who I'm sure will be encouraged to give their opinions.

    Together and talking we will grow!





    Saludos,Regards 

    IBM Expert Labs, Data Consultant: Generalist 

    Db2 Advanced Database Administrator LUW 11.5.5.0 

    IBM Certified Database Associate - Db2 8.1,10.1 Fundamentals 

    IBM Associate Certified DBA - Db2 12 for z/OS Fundamentals 

    IBM i Applications Architect 

    _________________________________________
    Nicolás Rafael Ascanio Peña 

     

     

    IBM Professions and COGNITIVE CLASS (42) badges 

    https://www.credly.com/users/nicolas-ascanio

    Cell phone: +58 4241406472         
    Tie-Line: 777-8685         
    e-mail: nascanio@ve.ibm.com