View Only

Demystifying Famous Errors in Informix and Their Resolutions: A Technical Guide

By Youssef Sbai Idrissi posted Tue July 04, 2023 09:24 PM


Informix, a powerful database management system, is widely used in various industries for its performance and reliability. However, like any complex software, it is not immune to errors. In this technical blog, we will explore some famous errors encountered in Informix databases and provide practical solutions to resolve them. Understanding these errors and their resolutions will empower Informix administrators and developers to effectively troubleshoot and maintain their database environments.

  1. Error -23101: Could not load module %INFORMIXDIR%/lib/esql/checkapi Resolution: This error indicates a problem with the Informix ESQL/C library. To resolve it, perform the following steps:

    • Ensure that the %INFORMIXDIR% environment variable is set correctly and points to the Informix installation directory.
    • Verify that the ESQL/C library files are present in the specified directory.
    • Check the permissions of the ESQL/C library files and ensure they are accessible by the user running the application.
  2. Error -951: Cannot create a trusted connection to the database server Resolution: This error occurs when there is a mismatch in authentication settings between the Informix server and the client. Follow these steps to resolve it:

    • Ensure that the authentication method used by the Informix server matches the one configured in the client application.
    • Verify that the necessary user credentials are provided correctly in the connection string or configuration file.
    • If using Kerberos authentication, verify the Kerberos configuration and keytab files.
  3. Error -1213: Deadlock detected Resolution: Deadlocks occur when multiple transactions are waiting for resources held by each other, resulting in a circular dependency. To resolve a deadlock in Informix, consider the following steps:

    • Identify the transactions involved in the deadlock by examining the error message and logs.
    • Analyze the database schema and transaction logic to identify potential areas causing the deadlock.
    • Optimize your application code or SQL queries to minimize transaction duration and reduce the chances of deadlock.
    • Implement locking strategies, such as using explicit locks or adjusting isolation levels, to prevent conflicts and improve concurrency.
  4. Error -979: Cannot modify table or view used in subquery Resolution: This error occurs when attempting to modify a table or view that is being referenced in a subquery. To resolve it, consider the following:

    • Rewrite the query to avoid modifying the table or view directly in the subquery. Use temporary tables or intermediate steps, if necessary.
    • Ensure that the table or view being modified is not part of any subquery within the statement.
  5. Error -674: Transaction is rolled back when accessing the database Resolution: This error typically indicates a problem with transaction management. Follow these steps to resolve it:

    • Check for any previous errors or exceptions that might have caused the transaction to be rolled back.
    • Verify that the necessary BEGIN WORK and COMMIT/ROLLBACK statements are properly used in your application code.
    • Ensure that the transaction isolation level is set appropriately to prevent conflicts and unwanted rollbacks.

Understanding and resolving famous errors in Informix databases is crucial for maintaining a stable and efficient database environment. By familiarizing yourself with these errors and their resolutions, you can troubleshoot issues more effectively and ensure the smooth operation of your Informix applications. Remember to consult the Informix documentation and seek support from the Informix community for specific error codes that may not be covered in this blog.